State of Nature 2019 Report

The UK's wildlife continues to decline

The 2019 findings show that since rigorous scientific monitoring began in the 1970s, there has been a 13% decline in average abundance across wildlife studied – and that the declines continue unabated.
Earthwatch Europe was one of more than 70 wildlife organisations who partnered to produce the State of Nature 2019 report, which follows reports in 2013 and 2016. For the first time the partnership was also joined by government agencies, to present the clearest picture to date of the status of our species across land and sea.

The report reveals that 41% of UK species studied have declined, 26% have increased and 33% shown little change since 1970.

Much is known about the causes of decline and about some of the ways in which we could reduce impacts and help struggling species. The evidence from the last 50 years shows that significant and ongoing changes in the way we manage our land for agriculture, and the ongoing effects of climate change are having the biggest impacts on nature.
Pollution is also a major issue. Whilst emissions of many pollutants have been reduced dramatically in recent decades, pollution continues to have a severe impact on the UK’s sensitive habitats and freshwaters, and new pollutant threats are continuing to emerge.

The report showcases a wide range of exciting conservation initiatives.

 

Partnerships have delivered inspiring results for some of the UK’s nature. Species such as Bitterns and the Large Blue Butterfly have been saved through the concerted efforts of organisations and individuals.

Naturehood is profiled in the report, as an example of how conservational organisations are engaging people with garden wildlife. Going beyond isolated individual actions, the project empowers neighbours to work together to create Naturehoods – thriving networks of wildlife-rich space – to have a significant impact on biodiversity.

European Hedgehog in and around flowers
Toos van Noordwijk, Director of Science, Policy and Innovation at Earthwatch said: “Amidst this serious message, the report also provides inspiration and hope. Thanks to the incredible hard work and determination of conservation charities and their army of volunteers, there are signs of recovery in some areas.

“As individuals we can all take positive action for nature, for example by avoiding pesticides, planting for pollinators or installing homes or feeders for local wildlife. And of course, we will make the biggest difference by working together, whether that be communities uniting to transform neighbourhoods into Naturehoods, or farmers coming together to improve water quality through catchment sensitive farming.”
©Earthwatch 2020  
Unless otherwise credited, all illustrations © Chris Shields, and all wildlife photographs © Steven Falk
Connect with Naturehood:
By selecting one or more of our five priority species, you can help us find out more about their life cycle and how their habitat affects them, and access specific activities to help you support that species.
By selecting one or more of our five priority species, you can help us find out more about their life cycle and how their habitat affects them, and access specific activities to help you support that species. This feed shows you the activities you can complete next. We’ll remind you when there’s an activity coming up for you to complete.
We need to know as much as possible about your Naturespace – it could be your garden, a window box, an area of your school grounds or even a public space like a park. To fully take part in Naturehood you’ll need to work through the four stages in this section.
If you’ve taken any of the Naturehood actions since setting up your Naturespace, record them here. Please click on the ‘Tell us’ button next to the relevant action icon.
If you belong to one of our designated Naturehoods, a map of the area will appear here and you will view data specific to your Naturehood. Otherwise you will be assigned to the “Global” Naturehood and will view data from across the UK.
If you manage to get a great photo of one of our five priority species within your Naturespace, you can tell us about it and upload images here.
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By selecting one or more of our five priority species, you can help us find out more about their life cycle and how their habitat affects them, and access specific activities to help you support that species.
The species quizzes are a fun way for you to get started with Naturehood and test your knowledge on any of our Naturehood 5 species. Click on any of the species icons to get started.